Prevention of irregularities in the use of police isolators and pre-trial detention
The idea of having a cooperation project on pre-trial detention occurred in the first working meeting between the General Prosecutor s Office and Norlam, that took place in May 2007.
Pre-trial detention does have a place in the system of criminal proceedings in most countries. There is no doubt that such procedure is needed for an efficient fight against criminality. However, sometimes it gives possibilities for using undue methods during the investigation period. For purposes of individual protection of detainees there is a need for strict and clear limitations. In a modern society the focus on the individual protection and the rights of the accused must go on as a continuous process. The acknowledgment by the society of the importance of this domain and real will for its improvement represent one of the most important indicators of a country’s development in the Justice area.
We believe that enhancing the domain of pre-trial detention would be very valuable and beneficial for the Republic of Moldova in the light of Moldovan progress towards European integration, as, among others, it will help restrain the number of cases filed with ECHR against the Republic of Moldova. Of course, elimination of custody irregularities is a very delicate and complicated task for any country and requires some strong will and initiative from all authorities involved.
Presentation of Norwegian protection and inspection system for the use of police isolators may be a contribution from Norlam. This specified topic can be followed up with a discussion on possible solutions for Moldova.
Below is a short list of the directions for collaboration under this project which are carried out simultaneously:
- Organization of a series of seminars for Moldovan prosecutors (they started in the beginning of the year 2008);
- Development of regulations in the domain of inspection powers of prosecutors in connection with police isolators;
- Consultative information or materials to be provided by Norlam at the request of Moldovan colleagues;
- Examining of possibility of appointing one prosecutor in each prosecution office throughout the country who would be responsible for high professional standards in the field of prevention of cases of torture and ill-treatment of detainees;
- Possible future cooperation with police and judges;
- Development of standard forms to be filled in when applying to court for sanctioning of pre-trial arrest.